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Gender Summit 3 - North America Program Gender Summit 3 - North America 2013 full program
DAY 1, 13 Nov 2013
WELCOME

Cora Marrett PhD, Acting Director, National Science Foundation (NSF), USA

Oldřich Vlasák, Vice-President of the European Parliament, Europe (video)

Maire Geoghegan Quinn, Commissioner for Research, Innovation & Science, Directorate General Research, Innovation & Science, European Commission, Europe (video

KEYNOTE ADDRESS

Valerie Jarrett, Senior Advisor to President Barack Obama and Chair of the White House Council on Women and Girls, USA

PLENARY PANEL: Develop a collective commitment to strengthen human capital development, research and innovation through diversity

In this session leaders of major research funding bodies agreed on a joint approach to taking specific, evidence-based actions, which can clearly benefit the quality of research and innovation, for both women and men.

pdf icon Chair and Summit Overview
Wanda E. Ward PhD, Director of Office of International and Integrative Activities, National Science Foundation (NSF), USA

PLENARY PANEL: Develop joint policies for innovation and partnership in STEM higher education as a means of widening access to knowledge

In this session, leaders of STEM academia discussed the need for joint policy actions and criteria needed to boost the benefits of diverse and gender-responsive scientific and technical education and access to knowledge.

Chair: Patricia Falcone, Associate Director, National Security and International Affairs, OSTP, The White House, USA

  • Developing an international network to address emerging infectious diseases and water issues
    Rita Colwell PhD, Chair of Canon US Life Sciences Inc. and Distinguished Professor, University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA
  • Educating for standards led technology transfer 
    Rocío Cassaigne Hernández PhD, Professor, Faculty of Chemistry Centre for Advanced Technology, Mexico
  • Collaborations with industry to improve STEM human capital
    Nan Mattai, Senior Vice President, Engineering & Technology, Rockwell Collins, USA
  • Partnerships for wider access to quality higher education
    Phyllis Wise, University of Illinois
KEYNOTE ADDRESS
  • Introduction of Speaker
    Joy Johnson
    PhD, Scientific Director of the Institute of Gender and Health (IGH), Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), Canada
  • Keynote address
    Julie Payette
    , Chief Operating Officer, Montreal Science Centre and Vice-President of Canada Lands Company; Former NASA/CSA Astronaut, Canada
PLENARY PANEL: Demonstrate evidence of how incorporating sex and gender consideration into STEM research and innovation informs policy

In this session, leading scientists described how consideration of gender issues in research and innovation content can improve knowledge production, application and reporting, with increased benefits for both science and science policy, such as better healthcare, better methodologies, fair recruitment, better education systems, better science evidence for women and men.

Chair: Juan Pedro Laclette PhD, Professor, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Co-Chair of the Interamerican Network of the Academies of Science at the Mexican Academy of Sciences, Mexico

DAY 2, 14 Nov 2013
KEYNOTE ADDRESS
  • Introduction of Speaker
    Julia Tagüeña
    PhD, Deputy General Director of Scientific Development, The National Council on Science and Technology of Mexico (CONACYT), Mexico
  • Keynote Address
    Ana María Cetto
    PhD, Professor of the Institute of Physics, and lecturer, Faculty of Sciences, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico
PLENARY PANEL: Harnessing Gender Dimensions to Address Global Scientific and Societal Challenges

The goal of this session is to demonstrate gender issues in the context of research, which has global influence on the lives of both women and men, such as transport, health, security, as well as effectiveness and efficiency of research collaboration.

Chair: Simone Buitendijk PhD, MPH, MD, Vice-rector Magnificus and member of the Board of the University of Leiden; Professor and Chair of Women’s and Family Health at the Leiden University Medical Center, Netherlands, Europe

  • Cross Border Research Collaboration
    Subra Suresh
    PhD, President of Carnegie Mellon University, USA (former Director of the NSF) representing the Global Research Council, International
  • Patents for Humanity: Building a Better Modern World
    Teresa Stanek Rea
    , Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Deputy Director of the US Patents and Trademark Office, USA
  • pdf icon Why gender budgeting empowers women and can boost economic and social development
    Janet Stotsky PhD, Adviser, Office of Budget and Planning, International Monetary Fund, International
  • Women and agricultural and nutritional knowledge 
    Amanda Galvez
    PhD, Professor, Department of Food and Biotechnology, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico
PARALLEL SESSIONS: Stream 1 – Diversity in participation

In these sessions, speakers and discussions focused on why it matters who participates in research and innovation; how research problems are defined and solved, how women and men communicate, address risk factors, and make decisions.

1.1 Equity for Excellence in Research Teams

The evidence presented in this session shows the influence of the problem solving styles of women and men when confronted with unexpected experimental findings; how collective intelligence of teams varies with the proportion of women on the team; how men and women differ in their attitudes to risk taking; and how the presence of women on company boards affects its performance.

Discussant: Kellina Craig-Henderson PhD, Deputy Division Director, Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences, National science Foundation (NSF), USA

1.2 Openness and Diversity in Innovation and Collective Problem Solving

Women’s participation in higher education has been growing but their creative and intellectual capital and talent have been greatly under-utilized. The speakers in this session will show evidence of how those inside and outside the formal research and innovation structures, but in particular women, can be effectively engaged and contribute successful solutions to a variety of innovation problems that the traditional approaches have not been able to solve. 

Discussant: Janet Abatte PhD, Associate Professor and Co-Director of Graduate Program in STS - National Capital Region Campus, Virginia Tech, USA 

1.3 Opportunities and Challenges for Women of Color in STEM and Society

The issues discussed in this session concerns the needs and the means of progressing women of color in research and innovation, and in society in general, where until now, as a group, they received much less attention in the discourse on gender issues.

Discussant: Kelly Mack PhD, PhD, Vice President for Undergraduate Science Education and Executive Director, Project Kaleidoscope, Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U), USA

1.4 Diversity in Leadership

While 50% of PhD degrees are today awarded to women, in both the USA and Europe, the scientific leadership remains predominantly male, stubbornly so. The speakers will discuss why it is critical for women to be leaders: to increase diversity of leadership styles; strengthen the scientific human capital; challenge stereotype behaviors; and make transparent what are the necessary leadership competencies. 

Discussant: Grace Jinliu Wang PhD, Division Director, Industrial Innovation and Partnerships Division, Directorate of Engineering, National Science Foundation (NSF), USA 

1.5. Diversity and Gatekeepers in STEM Participation

Diversity in participation in STEM, as researchers and subjects of research, is crucial to establishing the same opportunities for women and men, across all social and ethnic groups, to contribute to and benefit from science knowledge. The speakers will discuss how gatekeepers can become agents of change. 

Discussant: Carla Fehr PhD, Associate Professor, (Wolfe Chair in Scientific and Technological Literacy), Department of Philosophy, University of Waterloo, Canada

KEYNOTE
  • Introduction of Speaker
    Elizabeth Pollitzer PhD, Director, Portia Ltd, UK
  • Keynote remarks
    Ralph Cicerone
    PhD, President, US National Academy of Sciences, and Chair, National Research Council, USA
  • The Future of the Gender Summits
    Elizabeth Pollitzer PhD, Director, Portia Ltd, UK
  • Video Remarks from Africa 
    Olive Shisana PhD, Chief Executive Officer, Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC), South Africa
PARALELL SESSIONS: Stream 2-  Roadmap development sessions 

The goal of this part of the program was to build on the extensive evidence already available to jointly develop a Roadmap for action, which will set out specific milestones that can be achieved by the different stakeholder groups making up the science system.  Key points and recommendations from the individual sessions were presented in the final Plenary Session.

2.1 Cultivating and Promoting Future Leaders

The Roadmap discussion in this session focused on the practices and processes that can ensure more effective promotion and progress of women already in the system, and ready to take on leadership roles.  Speakers will provide specific examples from academia and industry how this can be achieved. 

Chair: Serge Villemure, Director, Research Grants & Scholarships, Natural   Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), Canada
Rapporteur: Jennifer R. Cohen PhD, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Fellow, Office of International & Integrative Activities, National Science Foundation (NSF), USA

2.2 Empowering Voices of Early-Career Scientists

This session will discuss the importance of the early career stage: the decisions made here can have huge consequences for the evolution of future career direction. Understanding the science landscape, and how the science system functions, is essential to effective career development.  Support measures that make this knowledge - of opportunities and obstacles – less opaque can facilitate more informed and effective career development decisions.

Chair: Risa Sargent PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Canada
Rapporteur: Joel Kelly PhD, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of British Columbia, Canada

 2.3 Integrating Gender into Research Content and Methods

The idea that science is gender neutral has been challenged by the evidence of omissions of sex/gender as a variable in study design; gender bias in research analysis; and under- or non-reporting of data analyzed by sex.  Speakers in this session will demonstrate why and how these practices should be changed to improve both quality and efficacy of research and innovation. 

Chair: Julia Tagüeña PhD, Deputy General Director of Scientific Development, The National Council on Science and Technology of Mexico (CONACYT), Mexico
Rapporteur: Sarah Miller PhD, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Fellow, Directorate for Computer & Information Science & Engineering, National Science Foundation (NSF), USA 

 2.4 Improving Career Life Balance

Science work practices and traditions are rooted in times when women were largely excluded from research and innovation and their own as well as the society’s expectations were vastly different to the realities of today. Providing women and men with the same opportunities to do scientific work and have time for family life and other commitments should be entirely possible in the 21st century.  Speakers will demonstrate how this can be done.

Chair: Elizabeth Pollitzer PhD, Director, Portia Ltd, UK, Europe
Rapporteur: Renatta Tull PhD, Associate Vice Provost for Graduate Student Development and Postdoctoral Affairs at the University of Maryland, USA

2.5 Creating and Sustaining Networks 

No scientist can work in isolation and professional networks form an essential component of how science is done today.  Speakers will demonstrate a variety of successful approaches from linking different fields and sectors to using networks as tools for professional empowerment of women and opportunities to influence attitudes to their advancement. 

Chair: Sophie D’Amours PhD, Vice Rector, Research and Innovation, Université Laval, Canada
Rapporteur: David Proctor PhD, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Fellow, Office of the Director, Office of Cyberinfrastructure, National Science Foundation (NSF), USA

2.6 Transforming the Role of Gender in STEM and in Communication 

Both in terms of the deliverer’s and receiver’s perception, the session will explore whether women communicate differently than men, and whether the public perceives communication by men and women differently.  
pdf icon Chair: Shari Graydon, Communications consultant and journalist, USA
Rapporteur: Susan Pell PhD, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Fellow, Office of Legislative and Public Affairs, National Science Foundation (NSF), USA

2.7 Ensuring Inclusive Excellence through Merit/Peer Review

Peer review forms the most important component of effective science knowledge making, but the fairness and efficiency of the process has been under scrutiny for some time and in particular the potential for gender bias.  Speakers will demonstrate how the peer review process as practiced in the funding of research and in publishing can avoid known gender issues and improve transparency, quality and fairness of the decisions made.

pdf icon Chair: Stephen P. Meacham PhD, Senior Staff Associate, Office of International and Integrative Activities, National Science Foundation, USA
Rapporteur: Frances Bonier PhD, Assistant Professor, Queen's University, Canada

2.8 Enabling Organizational Systems and Processes 

Structural changes to improve established institutional practices and process, to ensure that institutions treat their female and male researches in the same way, are often needed and have been achieved in many cases, contributing to better research cultures that do not unfairly benefit the advancement of men.  Speakers will demonstrate examples of these successes, which others can follow and make such changes more widely accepted and adopted.

Chair:Elizabeth Croft PhD, Professor and NSERC Chair for Women in Science and Engineering (BC/Yukon Region), University of British Columbia, Canada
Rapporteur: Emily Grumbling PhD, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Fellow, Office of the Director, Office of Cyberinfrastructure, National, National Science Foundation (NSF), USA

2.9 Pioneers Trailblazing the Future

The visible progress to advance women and women’s needs in science, which has been made in the last decade, was made possible in big measure by the influential actions of particular individuals working within the science system who used their leadership positions to create a vision and the right conditions to carry out actions capable of challenging established cultures and attitudes to gender roles.  These trailblazing the future pioneers are honored in this session for their influential efforts, and to encourage others to follow their lead.

Chair: Kelly Mack PhD, Vice President for Undergraduate Science Education and Executive Director, Project Kaleidoscope, Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U), USA
Rapporteur: Rosemarie Filart, MD, MPH, Medical Officer, ORWH

12.0 Creating Bridges with European Funders

Making science endeavor more sensitive and responsive to the needs and talents of both women and men requires cross-boarder and cross-institutional collaborations at a number of levels, from setting out research priorities to creating research environment that recognizes and prevents gender inequalities and biases in knowledge production, application and communication. Speakers from major European research funding bodies will discuss the progress made in Europe and the lessons learnt.  This session will help identify opportunities to create institutional bridges enabling more effective progress in the future.

Chair: Ines Sanchez Madriaga Arch., PhD, MSc, Director, Women and Science Unit, Cabinet of the Secretary of State for Researach and Innovation, Spain, Europe
Rapporteur: Anne Pépin PhD, Director, Mission for the Place of Women at CNRS, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), France, Europe

Panel of European Funders

PLEANRY SESSION: Gender roadmap for research and innovation systems. Addressing the needs of different stakeholders

The reports presented by Session Chairs will convey the key points and actions recommended for inclusion in the overall Roadmap, for all relevant stakeholders to use in their spheres of influence.

pdf icon Chair: Kim Allen, CEO, Engineers Canada

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